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AutorenPreusse, Franziska; Meer, Elke van der; Deshpande, Gopikrishna; Krueger, Frank; Wartenburger, Isabell;
TitelFluid intelligence allows flexible recruitment of the parieto-frontal network in analogical reasoning.
QuelleIn: Frontiers in human neuroscience, 5 (2011) 22, 14 S.
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BeigabenLiteraturangaben, Abbildungen, Tabellen
Spracheenglisch
Dokumenttyponline; Zeitschriftenaufsatz
ISSN1662-5161
DOI10.3389/fnhum.2011.00022
SchlagwörterMathematik; Kognitive Leistung; Kognition; Intelligenzleistung; Geometrie; Neuronales Netz; Längsschnittuntersuchung; Magnetresonanzverfahren;
AbstractFluid intelligence is the ability to think flexibly and to understand abstract relations. People with high fluid intelligence (hi-fluIQ) perform better in analogical reasoning tasks than people with average fluid intelligence (ave-fluIQ). Although previous neuroimaging studies reported involvement of parietal and frontal brain regions in geometric analogical reasoning (which is a prototypical task for fluid intelligence), however, neuroimaging findings on geometric analogical reasoning in hi-fluIQ are sparse. Furthermore, evidence on the relation between brain activation and intelligence while solving cognitive tasks is contradictory. The present study was designed to elucidate the cerebral correlates of geometric analogical reasoning in a sample of hi-fluIQ and ave-fluIQ high school students. We employed a geometric analogical reasoning task with graded levels of task difficulty and confirmed the involvement of the parieto-frontal network in solving this task. In addition to characterizing the brain regions involved in geometric analogical reasoning in hi-fluIQ and ave-fluIQ, we found that blood oxygenation level dependency (BOLD) signal changes were greater for hi-fluIQ than for ave-fluIQ in parietal brain regions. However, ave-fluIQ showed greater BOLD signal changes in the anterior cingulate cortex and medial frontal gyrus than hi-fluIQ. Thus, we showed that a similar network of brain regions is involved in geometric analogical reasoning in both groups. Interestingly, the relation between brain activation and intelligence is not mono-directional, but rather, it is specific for each brain region. The negative brain activation–intelligence relationship in frontal brain regions in hi-fluIQ goes along with a better behavioral performance and reflects a lower demand for executive monitoring compared to ave-fluIQ individuals. In conclusion, our data indicate that flexibly modulating the extent of regional cerebral activity is characteristic for fluid intelligence. (Orig.).
Erfasst vonDIPF | Leibniz-Institut für Bildungsforschung und Bildungsinformation, Frankfurt am Main
UpdateNeueintrag 2020-02
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