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Autor/inn/enZady, Madelon F.; Portes, Pedro R.; Ochs, V. Dan
TitelExamining classroom interactions related to difference in students' science achievement.
QuelleIn: Science education, 87 (2003) 1, S. 40-63    Verfügbarkeit 
Spracheenglisch
Dokumenttypgedruckt; Zeitschriftenaufsatz
ISSN0036-8326
SchlagwörterInteraktionsanalyse; Psychologie; Soziale Interaktion; Eltern-Kind-Beziehung; Unterricht; Naturwissenschaften; Konzeptentwicklung; Untersuchung
AbstractThe current study examines the cognitive supports that underlie achievement in science by using a cultural historical framework (L. S. Vygotsky (1934/1986), Thought and Language, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.) and the activity setting (AS) construct (R. G. Tharp & R. Gallimore (1988), Rousing minds to life: Teaching, learning and schooling in social context, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, MA.) with its five features: personnel, motivations, scripts, task demands, and beliefs. Observations were made of the classrooms of seventh-grade science students, 32 of whom had participated in a prior achievement-related parent-child interaction or home study (P. R. Portes, M. F. Zady, & R. M. Dunham (1998), Journal of Genetic Psychology, 159, 163-178). The results of a quantitative analysis of classroom interaction showed two features of the AS: personnel and scripts. The qualitative field analysis generated four emergent phenomena related to the features of the AS that appeared to influence student opportunity for conceptual development. The emergent phenomenon were science activities, the building of learning, meaning in lessons, and the conflict over control. Lastly, the results of the two-part classroom study were compared to those of the home science AS of high and low achievers. Mismatches in the AS features in the science classroom may constrain the opportunity to learn. Educational implications are discussed.
Erfasst vonArbeitsgruppe Didaktik der Physik, Universität Kassel
Update2005/3
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