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AutorenBurke, Raymond V.; Andersen, Melissa N.; Bowen, Scott L.; Howard, Monica R.; Allen, Keith D.
TitelEvaluation of Two Instruction Methods to Increase Employment Options for Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders
QuelleIn: Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 31 (2010) 6, S.1223-1233 (11 Seiten)
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Spracheenglisch
Dokumenttypgedruckt; online; Zeitschriftenaufsatz
ISSN0891-4222
DOI10.1016/j.ridd.2010.07.023
SchlagwörterStimuli; Employment; Fire Protection; Young Adults; Program Effectiveness; Vocational Education; Safety Education; Autism; Program Evaluation; Training Methods; Cues; Handheld Devices; Participant Satisfaction; Disabilities; Special Education; Special Needs Students; Assistive Technology; Pervasive Developmental Disorders; Student Attitudes; Intervention; Educational Technology; Behavior; Community Based Instruction (Disabilities)
AbstractWe evaluated the efficacy of a vocational training program including behavioral skills training, and a "performance cue system" (i.e., a proprietary iPhone application adapted for the study) to teach targeted social-vocational skills to six young adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. In two separate studies, participants were employed to assist in the delivery of a fire safety education program. Participants were asked to wear an inflatable firefighter WalkAround[R] mascot costume and to perform 63 scripted behaviors in coordination with a fire prevention specialist who was the lead program presenter. In Study 1, three participants were initially exposed to established company training procedures comprised of behavioral skills training components to determine whether they met mastery of the skills. If necessary to reach criteria, participants were then exposed to a performance cue system. In Study 2, three additional participants were provided with the performance cue system alone, and then behavioral skills training if required. A single case, multiple-baseline design across subjects was used to evaluate efficacy of each intervention. Results indicate that 5 of 6 participants reached criterion only after introduction of the cue system while the sixth reached criterion with behavioral skills training alone. The program received high satisfaction ratings from participants, their parents, and consumers. Implications and potential use of the PCS in other employment settings are discussed. (Contains 2 figures and 1 table.) (As Provided).
AnmerkungenElsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: usjcs@elsevier.com; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Erfasst vonERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Washington, DC
Update2017/4/10
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