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AutorenBarrilleaux, Katie; Advokat, Claire
TitelAttribution and Self-Evaluation of Continuous Performance Test Task Performance in Medicated and Unmedicated Adults with ADHD
QuelleIn: Journal of Attention Disorders, 12 (2009) 4, S.291-298 (8 Seiten)
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Spracheenglisch
Dokumenttypgedruckt; online; Zeitschriftenaufsatz
ISSN1087-0547
DOI10.1177/1087054708314604
SchlagwörterPerformance Tests; Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; Children; Adults; Age Differences; Self Evaluation (Individuals); Comparative Analysis; Attribution Theory; Drug Therapy; Cognitive Ability; Self Esteem; Undergraduate Students; Continuous Performance Test
AbstractObjective: To determine if adults with ADHD differed from children with ADHD, in assessing their performance on the Conners Continuous Performance Test (CPT). Method: ADHD-diagnosed adults (n = 13) and adults without ADHD (n = 17) were tested twice on the CPT and then completed self-evaluation and attribution surveys. Results: Nonmedicated ADHD-diagnosed adults performed significantly more poorly than controls; when medicated, they performed as well as controls and significantly better than when they were unmedicated. AD/HD adults evaluated their performance accurately, whether medicated or not. They also attributed their performance to medication significantly more than to ability or task difficulty. Conclusion: Unlike children, ADHD-diagnosed adults attributed their performance to medication rather than ability or task. It remains to be seen whether this difference is associated with lower self-esteem than non-ADHD adults or if the same outcome would occur in children with ADHD if they were also tested under naturalistic conditions. (Contains 1 table.) (As Provided).
AnmerkungenSAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Erfasst vonERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Washington, DC
Update2017/4/10
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