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AutorenDiesendruck, Gil; Chiang, Wen-Chi; Ferera, Matar; Benozio, Avi
TitelCultural Differences in the Development of a Preference for Scarce Objects
QuelleIn: Developmental Psychology, 55 (2019) 1, S.89-95 (7 Seiten)
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Spracheenglisch
Dokumenttypgedruckt; online; Zeitschriftenaufsatz
ISSN0012-1649
DOI10.1037/dev0000620
SchlagwörterCultural Differences; Preferences; Children; Foreign Countries; Self Motivation; Age Differences; Child Development; Israel; Taiwan
AbstractAdults value scarce objects, such as rare precious stones and limited edition items. This valuation may derive from an understanding of market forces and sociological considerations, but it may also be related to more basic cognitive and motivational processes. The present studies addressed these possibilities by investigating the development and cross-cultural prevalence of a preference for scarce objects. Children (N = 366) from Israel and Taiwan, ranging from 4 to 11 years of age, were given a choice between a scarce and an abundant reward. We found that whereas a preference for the scarce appeared among Israelis by age 7, it never appeared among the Taiwanese. These findings indicate that a scarcity preference emerges already at age 7, but only among children living in a culture that emphasizes self-individuality. These findings are discussed in light of cultural accounts of the development of self-motivations. (As Provided).
AnmerkungenAmerican Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Erfasst vonERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Washington, DC
Update2019/1/02
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