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AutorenGrigorenko, Elena L.; Macomber, Donna; Hart, Lesley; Naples, Adam; Chapman, John; Geib, Catherine F.; Chart, Hilary; Tan, Mei; Wolhendler, Baruch; Wagner, Richard
TitelAcademic Achievement among Juvenile Detainees
QuelleIn: Journal of Learning Disabilities, 48 (2015) 4, S.359-368 (10 Seiten)
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Spracheenglisch
Dokumenttypgedruckt; online; Zeitschriftenaufsatz
ISSN0022-2194
DOI10.1177/0022219413500991
SchlagwörterAcademic Achievement; Juvenile Justice; Statistical Analysis; Qualitative Research; Reading Skills; Mathematics Skills; Learning Disabilities; Correlation; Institutionalized Persons; Classification; Mental Retardation; Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; Developmental Disabilities; Severity (of Disability); Screening Tests; Placement; Language Arts; State Standards; Youth; Mathematics Tests; Reading Tests; Scores; Connecticut; Wide Range Achievement Test
AbstractThe literature has long pointed to heightened frequencies of learning disabilities (LD) within the population of law offenders; however, a systematic appraisal of these observations, careful estimation of these frequencies, and investigation of their correlates and causes have been lacking. Here we present data collected from all youth (1,337 unique admissions, mean age 14.81, 20.3% females) placed in detention in Connecticut (January 1, 2010-July 1, 2011). All youth completed a computerized educational screener designed to test a range of performance in reading (word and text levels) and mathematics. A subsample (n = 410) received the "Wide Range Achievement Test," in addition to the educational screener. Quantitative (scale-based) and qualitative (grade-equivalence-based) indicators were then analyzed for both assessments. Results established the range of LD in this sample from 13% to 40%, averaging 24.9%. This work provides a systematic exploration of the type and severity of word and text reading and mathematics skill deficiencies among juvenile detainees and builds the foundation for subsequent efforts that may link these deficiencies to both more formal, structured, and variable definitions and classifications of LD, and to other types of disabilities (e.g., intellectual disability) and developmental disorders (e.g., ADHD) that need to be conducted in future research. (As Provided).
AnmerkungenSAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Erfasst vonERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Washington, DC
Update2018/2/04
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