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AutorenSenju, Atsushi; Vernetti, Angelina; Kikuchi, Yukiko; Akechi, Hironori; Hasegawa, Toshikazu; Johnson, Mark H.
TitelCultural Background Modulates How We Look at Other Persons' Gaze
QuelleIn: International Journal of Behavioral Development, 37 (2013) 2, S.131-136 (6 Seiten)
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Spracheenglisch
Dokumenttypgedruckt; online; Zeitschriftenaufsatz
ISSN0165-0254
DOI10.1177/0165025412465360
SchlagwörterCultural Background; Eye Movements; Foreign Countries; Adults; Human Body; Cultural Differences; Cross Cultural Studies; Visual Stimuli; Computer Simulation; Animation; Comparative Analysis; Japan; United Kingdom
AbstractThe current study investigated the role of cultural norms on the development of face-scanning. British and Japanese adults' eye movements were recorded while they observed avatar faces moving their mouth, and then their eyes toward or away from the participants. British participants fixated more on the mouth, which contrasts with Japanese participants fixating mainly on the eyes. Moreover, eye fixations of British participants were less affected by the gaze shift of the avatar than Japanese participants, who shifted their fixation to the corresponding direction of the avatar's gaze. Results are consistent with the Western cultural norms that value the maintenance of eye contact, and the Eastern cultural norms that require flexible use of eye contact and gaze aversion. (Contains 4 figures.) (As Provided).
AnmerkungenSAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Erfasst vonERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Washington, DC
Update2017/4/10
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