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AutorenKuhn, Jörg-Tobias; Hollig, Heinz
TitelNumber sense or working memory?
The effect of two computer-based trainings on mathematical skills in elementary school.
QuelleIn: Advances in cognitive psychology, 10 (2014) 2, S. 59-67
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BeigabenLiteraturangaben, Abbildungen, Tabellen
Spracheenglisch
Dokumenttyponline; Zeitschriftenaufsatz
ISSN1895-1171
SchlagwörterMathematische Kompetenz; Grundschule; Training; Computerprogramm; Arbeitsgedächtnis; Zahlenverständnis; Computerunterstütztes Verfahren;
AbstractResearch on the improvement of elementary school mathematics has shown that computer-based training of number sense (e.g., processing magnitudes or locating numbers on the number line) can lead to substantial achievement gains in arithmetic skills. Recent studies, however, have highlighted that training domain-general cognitive abilities (e.g., working memory [WM]) may also improve mathematical achievement. This study addressed the question of whether a training of domain-specific number sense skills or domain-general WM abilities is more appropriate for improving mathematical abilities in elementary school. Fifty-nine children (Mage = 9 years, 32 girls and 27 boys) received either a computer-based, adaptive training of number sense (n = 20), WM skills (n = 19), or served as a control group (n = 20). The training duration was 20 min per day for 15 days. Before and after training, we measured mathematical ability using a curriculum-based math test, as well as spatial WM. For both training groups, we observed substantial increases in the math posttest compared to the control group (d = .54 for number sense skills training, d = .57 for WM training, respectively). Whereas the number sense group showed significant gains in arithmetical skills, the WM training group exhibited marginally significant gains in word problem solving. However, no training group showed significant posttest gains on the spatial WM task. Results indicate that a short training of either domain-specific or domain-general skills may result in reliable short-term training gains in math performance, although no stable training effects were found in the spatial WM task. (Orig.).
Erfasst vonDIPF | Leibniz-Institut für Bildungsforschung und Bildungsinformation, Frankfurt am Main
UpdateNeueintrag 2018-09
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