Suche

Wo soll gesucht werden?
Erweiterte Literatursuche

Ariadne Pfad:

Inhalt

Literaturnachweis - Detailanzeige

 
Autor/inElfering, Achim
TitelHow fast small things become large: Dynamic change in judgment.
QuelleIn: International journal of psychology, 42 (2007) 4, S. 274-284    Verfügbarkeit 
Spracheenglisch
Dokumenttypgedruckt; Zeitschriftenaufsatz
ISSN0020-7594
SchlagwörterKognition; Kognitive Verarbeitungsgeschwindigkeit; Kurzzeitgedächtnis; Mensch; Kanal; Geschwindigkeit; Adaptation; Informationsspeicherung; Kapazität; Informationsverarbeitung
AbstractJudgments are context bound. Moreover, in most situations, context is changing; hence judgments often reflect a dynamic adaptation to these changes. The present study is on working memory load as a factor that potentially moderates speed of adaptation to a new context. 2 specific stimulus formats used in generalization tests, simultaneous vs successive presentation, were intended to reflect substantial differences in memory load. Conditions that place a higher memory load on the respondent (successive presentation) should show slower changing effects than do conditions that entail a lower memory load (simultaneous presentation). 60 participants were trained in 2-stimulus 2-forced-choice visual discriminations of size. Later generalization tests included more extreme visual stimuli. The stimulus that was seen as neither "small" nor "large" (50% ratings each) changed in the direction of the central stimuli within the stimulus series, with both successive and simultaneous stimulus presentation (adaptation). Multilevel regression analyses showed that change increased gradually in successive stimulus presentation, whereas change was immediate in simultaneous presentation. A significant 3-way interaction indicated that generalization was faster with simultaneous presentation of generalization test stimuli than with successive presentation. The results show that the speed of point of subjective indifference (PSI) shift depends on the mental representation of experience that is strongly related to working memory. The study therefore makes a contribution to understanding the speed of behavioral change during transition, e.g., the transition from school to work. On a macrolevel, model application may assist rapid learning and behavioral adaptation, for instance when individuals change from one cultural context to another. (ZPID).
Erfasst vonLeibniz-Zentrum für Psychologische Information und Dokumentation, Trier
Update2008/2
Literaturbeschaffung und Bestandsnachweise in Bibliotheken prüfen
 

Standortunabhängige Dienste
Bibliotheken, die die Zeitschrift "International journal of psychology" besitzen:
Link zur Zeitschriftendatenbank (ZDB)

Artikellieferdienst der deutschen Bibliotheken (subito):
Übernahme der Daten in das subito-Bestellformular

Tipps zum Auffinden elektronischer Volltexte im Video-Tutorial

Trefferlisten Einstellungen

Permalink als QR-Code

Permalink als QR-Code

Inhalt auf sozialen Plattformen teilen (nur vorhanden, wenn Javascript eingeschaltet ist)