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AutorenVasilyeva, Nadya; Gopnik, Alison; Lombrozo, Tania
TitelThe Development of Structural Thinking about Social Categories
QuelleIn: Developmental Psychology, 54 (2018) 9, S.1735-1744 (10 Seiten)
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Spracheenglisch
Dokumenttypgedruckt; online; Zeitschriftenaufsatz
ISSN0012-1649
DOI10.1037/dev0000555
SchlagwörterCognitive Development; Classification; Children; Adults; Age Differences; Cognitive Processes; Association (Psychology); Thinking Skills; Social Characteristics
AbstractRepresentations of social categories help us make sense of the social world, supporting predictions and explanations about groups and individuals. In an experiment with 156 participants, we explore whether children and adults are able to understand category-property associations (such as the association between "girls" and "liking pink") in "structural" terms, locating an object of explanation within a larger structure and identifying "structural constraints" that act on elements of the structure. We show that children as young as 3-4 years old show signs of structural thinking, and that 5-6-year-olds show additional differentiation between structural and nonstructural thinking, yet still fall short of adult performance. These findings introduce structural connections as a new type of nonaccidental relationship between a property and a category, and present a viable alternative to internalist accounts of social categories, such as psychological essentialism. (As Provided).
AnmerkungenAmerican Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Erfasst vonERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Washington, DC
Update2018/4/11
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