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AutorenAdesope, Olusola O.; Trevisan, Dominic A.; Sundararajan, Narayankripa
TitelRethinking the Use of Tests: A Meta-Analysis of Practice Testing
QuelleIn: Review of Educational Research, 87 (2017) 3, S.659-701 (43 Seiten)
PDF als Volltext    Verfügbarkeit 
Spracheenglisch
Dokumenttypgedruckt; online; Zeitschriftenaufsatz
ISSN0034-6543
SchlagwörterTest Use; Meta Analysis; Effect Size; Learning; Testing; Educational Research; Comparative Analysis; Feedback (Response); Educational Environment; Outcomes of Education; Research Design; Elementary Education; Secondary Education; Postsecondary Education
AbstractThe testing effect is a well-known concept referring to gains in learning and retention that can occur when students take a practice test on studied material before taking a final test on the same material. Research demonstrates that students who take practice tests often outperform students in nontesting learning conditions such as restudying, practice, filler activities, or no presentation of the material. However, evidence-based meta-analysis is needed to develop a comprehensive understanding of the conditions under which practice tests enhance or inhibit learning. This meta-analysis fills this gap by examining the effects of practice tests versus nontesting learning conditions. Results reveal that practice tests are more beneficial for learning than restudying and all other comparison conditions. Mean effect sizes were moderated by the features of practice tests, participant and study characteristics, outcome constructs, and methodological features of the studies. Findings may guide the use of practice tests to advance student learning, and inform students, teachers, researchers, and policymakers. This article concludes with the theoretical and practical implications of the meta-analysis. (As Provided).
AnmerkungenSAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Erfasst vonERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Washington, DC
Update2018/2/04
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