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AutorenBrody, Gene H.; Stoneman, Zolinda
TitelA Risk-Amelioration Model of Sibling Relationships: Conceptual Underpinnings and Preliminary Findings.
QuelleIn: Advances in Applied Developmental Psychology, 10 (1996), S.231-247 (18 Seiten)    Verfügbarkeit 
Spracheenglisch
Dokumenttypgedruckt; Zeitschriftenaufsatz
SchlagwörterContext Effect; Emotional Development; Family Influence; Family Role; Individual Differences; Parent Child Relationship; Personality; Personality Development; Personality Traits; Sibling Relationship; Siblings
AbstractThis study represents further work into the area of what specific processes determine whether a sibling relationship will be positive or negative. Specifically addressed was the influence of each child's personality or temperament in shaping the quality and type of sibling relationship. Significant attention was paid to analyzing sibling relationships in which difficult temperaments have conflicted with or distanced siblings from one another and to what risk factors were associated with the negative sibling relationship. In the study, 109 families with same sex children were evaluated in the areas of parent-child relationship quality, sibling interaction, and child temperament. Results showed that there is an association between child temperaments and sibling relationships, specifically indicating that difficult temperaments place siblings at higher risk for negative relationships. A risk-amelioration model of sibling relationships was created, which argues that although children with difficult personalities create an atmosphere for rivalry and conflict in their sibling relationships, parents have an important positive influence if they create positive parent-child relationships despite the negativity of their child or children. Positive parental child relationships were found to be especially critical when the older sibling had the difficult temperament. (Contains 57 references.) (SD)
Erfasst vonERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Washington, DC
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