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AutorenALKIN, MARVIN; HENDRIX, VERNON
TitelPOPULATION AGE DISTRIBUTIONS AND PUBLIC EDUCATION EXPENDITURES.
Quelle(1967), (14 Seiten)
PDF als Volltext    Verfügbarkeit 
Dokumenttypgedruckt; online; Monographie
SchlagwörterAge Differences; Community Support; Elementary Schools; Expenditures; Financial Support; Models; Population Distribution; Public Schools; Resource Allocation; Secondary Schools; Statistical Analysis; New York (New York)
AbstractA LINEAR MODEL WAS DEVELOPED TO DETERMINE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE AGE CHARACTERISTICS OF A COMMUNITY AND THE AMOUNT OF LOCAL PUBLIC FUNDS ALLOCATED PER PUPIL IN ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS. THE MODEL TESTED THE HYPOTHESIS THAT THE LEVEL OF LOCALLY RAISED EXPENDITURES FOR EDUCATION IN EACH STATE COULD BE PREDICTED BETTER WITH KNOWLEDGE OF THE PERCENTAGE OF EACH STATE'S TOTAL POPULATION IN EACH OF NINE AGE BRACKETS THAN WITHOUT THIS INFORMATION. THE STUDY WAS RESTRICTED TO FORTY-EIGHT STATES FOR THE YEARS 1930, 1940, 1950, AND 1960. THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLES CONSISTED OF THE PERCENT OF THE POPULATION OF EACH STATE WITHIN NINE SELECTED AGE INTERVALS FOR EACH OF THESE YEARS. THE DEPENDENT VARIABLE WAS DEFINED AS LOCALLY DERIVED CURRENT EXPENDITURES PER PUPIL IN ADA FOR ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOL INSTRUCTION. THE MODEL, WITH GROSS ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTIC VARIABLES AND COHORT EFFECT VARIABLES CONTROLLED, YIELDED A MULTIPLE R OF .8194. THUS, THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLES EXPLAINED ABOUT 67 PERCENT OF THE VARIANCE IN THE DEPENDENT VARIABLE. RESTRICTED MODELS WERE ALSO DEVELOPED BY OMITTING PARTICULAR VECTORS FROM THE MODEL. PUBLIC EDUCATIONAL EXPENDITURES WERE FOUND TO BE RELATED TO POPULATION AGE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE STATES. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION (NEW YORK, FEBRUARY, 1967). (HW)
Erfasst vonERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Washington, DC
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